Technical precautions for construction safety in t

2022-10-03
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Technical preventive measures for construction safety in summer

in view of the characteristics that construction workers are prone to fatigue, heatstroke and accidents in summer, six preventive measures against high temperature, food poisoning, fire prevention, electric shock, lightning stroke and collapse should be taken for projects under construction to ensure construction safety in summer. The following requirements should be done:

I. organize and implement

1. Establish a summer construction safety leading group headed by the project manager, Formulate a series of safety, quality and duration assurance measures to strengthen management, plan carefully, put measures in place, implement them, and make clear rewards and penalties

2. Assign special personnel to listen to the weather forecast regularly. In case of thunderstorms, typhoons and other bad weather, make full use of the wireless intercom system and other flexible notification methods to report to the leaders in time, and notify the heads of each system to take corresponding countermeasures to minimize the losses caused by disasters to zero

3. Properly adjust the work and rest time, try to avoid high-temperature operation at noon, arrange the construction in the early morning and at night when the temperature drops when necessary, and prepare heatstroke prevention and cooling supplies to prevent heatstroke accidents

II. Material preparation

1. Before the rainy season, prepare enough and complete rain proof and flood control materials, color striped cloth, water pumps, etc

2. Vulnerable and consumable materials should be prepared adequately to prevent out of stock in rainy days, resulting in downtime

III. construction measures

1. The project leader and constructors must carry out safety education and disclosure to the construction team members at the same time of technical disclosure. Operators must wear personal protective equipment accurately as required when entering the construction site

2. During construction in rainy season, ensure the smoothness of on-site transportation roads. Often clean the road and remove the ponding

3. The construction site should have reliable drainage facilities in the rainy season. In the rainy season, it can only be used as plastic antioxidant. Before use, the original drainage system should be checked, dredged, repaired and reinforced, and drainage facilities should be added if necessary

4. The concrete pouring should avoid the high temperature period as far as possible. In addition, the concrete mixing plant should regularly measure the moisture content of sand and stone, and adjust the concrete mix proportion in time. In high temperature weather, the concrete shall be covered and cured with wet straw bags, and the watering times shall be appropriately increased to keep it moist with straw bags. In summer construction, the curing of concrete should be strengthened, and the masonry mortar should be used up within the specified time

5. During masonry construction in rainy season, the consistency of mortar should be strictly controlled. On the premise of ensuring the stability of the wall, the masonry height of masonry should be appropriately reduced. After the masonry mortar is soaked in rain, dry cement and water should be added and used after re mixing. After the work is finished or the rain stops every day, the vertical joints of the masonry shall be filled with mortar, and the top surface of the masonry shall be dried with bricks or covered with rainproof materials to prevent rain erosion. In case of strong wind, heavy rain and other abnormal weather, the change of masonry perpendicularity should be checked and adjusted in time. In sunny days and high temperatures, bricks or blocks should be fully wetted before wall masonry, and the consistency of mortar can be appropriately increased at this time

in the field of new materials 6. After the prefabricated components enter the site, they should be piled up in the designated place. The stacking place should be compacted, the components should be padded with sleepers, and drainage ditches should be set around

7. If the equipment stacking site and building processing site are too large, lightning protection and grounding devices should be added, and safety tests should be organized for all lightning protection and grounding devices on site before the thunderstorm season

8. The storage warehouse of relevant materials shall be equipped with moisture-proof facilities

9. Do a good job in the maintenance of the arrived equipment, take rain proof measures for the equipment placed in the open air, and store the accessories supplied with the equipment

10. First aid measures for heatstroke shall be taken on site for high-temperature operation in summer

11. Anti skid measures shall be taken for high-altitude operation in rainy days

12. It is necessary to strengthen the inspection of the insulation performance of the cable and connector. If damage is found, insulation treatment should be carried out in time to prevent electric shock accidents

13. When you are engaged in welding in a humid environment, you should take measures to prevent electric shock. Next, I will tell you a few points that you should abide by

14. When working in deep foundation pit, strengthen ventilation measures and supervision during waterproof coating construction to prevent poisoning accidents during operation

IV. on site implementation measures

1. Before the rainy season, an inspection of neutral connection and grounding of electrical equipment should be organized. Tower cranes, construction elevators, material hoists and other high-altitude operation machinery should be installed with lightning protection devices, and the motors of construction machinery should be covered in rainy days to prevent rain; The power switch box should be rainproof; Outdoor lighting fixtures are equipped with rain covers. If there is a gale alarm, tower cranes should tie the wind rope in advance

2. Before the typhoon, the scaffold should be reinforced and the connection point with the structure should be increased as much as possible; After the rain, check whether the support of the scaffold pole is loose for timely rectification

3. Electricians on duty should patrol the construction site in rainy seasons to inspect and maintain electrical equipment to prevent damage and electric shock accidents

4. After the rain, the foundation settlement of tower crane and material hoist should be checked, and any problems should be handled in time

5. For particularly bad weather, such as strong wind, heavy rain, lightning, etc., outdoor operation should be temporarily stopped

6. The project department shall prepare special safety measures for typhoon and lightning protection of machines and tools in summer

7. The supply of tea should be ensured during summer construction

8. Ventilation should be ensured in deep foundation pit and foundation construction, and construction personnel should work in turn to strengthen control

9. Working hours should be reduced in high-temperature weather, work and rest hours should be adjusted, overtime at noon should be strictly controlled, and the high-temperature hours at 13:00 and 15:00 should be staggered, so as to grab two ends in summer construction. Prevent falling accidents caused by heatstroke of workers working at heights such as scaffold erection

v. close the portal and edge protection

1. For elevator shaft and pipe shaft, a fully enclosed first floor protection should be set up 2m above the bottom of the shaft with wood or bamboo frame board. A horizontal protection is set every 2 or 3 layers above the first layer of protection. The facade openings with bay windows in elevator shafts, pipe shafts and residential buildings shall be fenced with shaped square steel pipes or galvanized pipes and fixed with expansion bolts

2. Firm protective railings shall be erected at the edges of stairs, balconies, the outer side of access ramps, the perimeter of unloading platforms, the perimeter of roofs, the perimeter of frame floors, material hoists, the outer side of the material receiving opening of construction elevators, the perimeter of foundation pits and other adjacent parts without railings. The protective railings are 1.2m high, equipped with two horizontal rods, and closed with dense eyes hung outside. The unloading platform, discharge port, material elevator, and the material receiving port of the construction elevator should be equipped with shaped safety protection doors. The height of the protection doors is 1.82.0m, and eye-catching safety warning signs, load limit signs, level signs, etc. should be hung on the protection doors

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